Quetzalcoatl is the most recognizable name among the Aztec gods. Before he left, however, he promised to return. Quetzalcoatl was also linked with Aztec priesthood and one of the two high priests in the famous Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan assumed the title of Quetzalcoatl. At the end of the fourth cycle, when mankind had perished again according to the mythology, Quetzalcoatl created a new people with his blood. Quetzalcóatl was the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. Quetzalcoatl occupied a unique position in the Aztec pantheon and was considered one of the most important gods. Quetzalcóatl became the god of the morning and evening star, and his temple was the centre of ceremonial life in Tula. Quetzalcóatl, Mayan name Kukulcán, (from Nahuatl quetzalli, “tail feather of the quetzal bird [Pharomachrus mocinno],” and coatl, “snake”), the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon. These sources further claimed that it was because of this superstition that Moctezuma II invited Cortes as a guest and didn’t harm him or his soldiers. The name is a combination of quetzalli, a brightly colored Mesoamerican bird, and coatl, which means serpent; it is therefore usually translated as "feathered serpent" or "plumed serpent". Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico. Quetzalcóatl (pronounced: ketsalˈkoːaːtɬ in Nahuatl) is an Aztec sky and creator god. According to this myth, the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, one of them being Quetzalcoatl, represent the four cardinal directions. These, then, are the people that still inhabit the world. He is shown sometimes as a serpent and sometimes as a dark man with a red beak. Quetzalcoatl was an important god throughout Mesoamerican history and societies and was not just related to the Aztecs. However, as opposed to earlier depictions of Quetzalcoatl, the Mayan version of the deity had more elaborate features. Quetzalcoatl is one of the most important gods in ancient Aztec Mesoamerica. He figures most prominently in the Aztec mythology but it was in the city of Cholula that the cult of Quetzalcoatl enjoyed influence and prominence during the Classic Period of Mesoamerica. This Deity is a Dragon King that rules over the sky in Aztec mythology and is the creator of the fifth humanity. Today we explore some Mesoamerican mythology. At that time Quetzalcóatl seems to have been conceived as a vegetation god—an earth and water deity closely associated with the rain god Tlaloc. His name means feathered serpent and he has been worshipped since 100 BC. In the 17th century, Ixtlilxóchitl, a descendant of Aztec royalty and historian of the Nahua people, wrote, "Quetzalcoatl, in its literal sense, means 'serpent of precious feathers', but in the allegorical sense, 'wisest of men'." Different versions of the birth of god are prevalent in Mesoamerican mythology. The pressure of the northern immigrants brought about a social and religious revolution, with a military ruling class seizing power from the priests. I decided to teach you a little bit of my culture..... Quetzalcoatl was a very important god in the aztec deitites.... sooo i hope you like it! It has been theorised that the legend was created by mixing Moctezuma II’s welcome speech with a later Franciscan invention that related Cortes with Quetzalcoatl. Quetzalcoatl was also linked with Aztec priesthood and one of the two high priests in the famous Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan assumed the title of Quetzalcoatl. Hernan Cortes, who led the Spaniards, was first invited into the city by Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II. Quetzalcóatl wandered down to the coast of the “divine water” (the Atlantic Ocean) and then immolated himself on a pyre, emerging as the planet Venus. Huitzilopochtli, Father of the Aztecs. In addition to his guise as a plumed serpent, Quetzalcóatl was often represented as a man with a beard, and, as Ehécatl, the wind god, he was shown with a mask with two protruding tubes (through which the wind blew) and a conical hat typical of the Huastec people of east-central Mexico. Representations of a feathered snake occur as early as the Teotihuacán civilization (3rd to 8th century ce) on the central plateau. In the extant Mayan sources, it has been revealed that Quetzalcoatl, or the Feathered Serpent, was associated with warfare as well as fertility. Stone sculptures such as the Aztec Feathered Serpent were made by Aztec artisans, and were routinely used for display in the worship of the Aztec gods. While this legend is disputed, it is clear that Quetzalcoatl was an important deity to the Aztecs and other people of Mexico and Central America. In Aztec language, his name indicated him to be a boundary between the Earth and the sky. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-banner-1','ezslot_7',361,'0','0']));He is further related to the gods of wind, with human sacrifice and to the morning star in the Aztec mythology. Each of these four sons presides over one of the four cardinal directions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was worshiped among all the major cultures of the Mesoamerican region through history. The city was known as the center of Quetzalcoatl’s worship. Quetzalcoatl occupied a unique position in the Aztec pantheon and was considered one of the most important gods. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',341,'0','0']));By the Late Classic Period (600AD-900AD), it appears that the worship of Quetzalcoatl had spread throughout the Mesoamerican region. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Quetzalcoatl, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Quetzalcoatl, Quetzalcóatl - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Quetzalcóatl - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). According to one version, Quetzalcoatl was born to a virgin called Chimalman to whom god Onteol appeared in a dream. Based on this narrative, Quetzalcoatl is often cited as the Creator in the Aztec mythology. This is largely due to the story that the Aztec king welcomed Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conquistador, as the reincarnation of the god. Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of the primordial god Ometecuhtli (in some stories, Quetzalcoatl is regarded as the son of the virgin goddess Chimalman), was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. 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