The illegal clearing of forests to obtain timber is equally responsible for about 11% of carbon emissions which continue to impact climates worldwide. Most of their shelter construction materials are also sourced from the forest which has led to repeated illegal cutting down of trees to obtain timber. Flash flood can happen because trees sip the water and preventing it to harm people. Governments lose money due to lost revenue from taxes and duties as well as the cost of managing illegal logging [2]. What does ‘fall-down’ mean in terms of logging in Canada? Measures proposed to combat illegal logging include: (i) support for improved governance and capacity building in timber-producing countries; (ii) development of Voluntary Partnership Agreements with timber-producing countries to prevent illegally produced timber from entering the EU market and (iii) efforts to reduce the EU's consumption of illegally harvested timber and … It can be as simple as volunteering a few hours per week, making monetary donations or funding campaigns to organizations such as the Forest Stewardship Council, Greenpeace, and the World Wildlife Fund. Illegal logging is not as prevalent as it was during the 1980s and 90s although it still occurs. The soaring demand for furniture and timber also propels the practice of illegal logging, a multi-billion dollar industry involving some of the top government officials and corporate executives as well as big business owners who are out for selfish monetary gains. What are the consequences … Amazon deforestation: EU firms linked to illegal logging in Brazil "We are living in the first stages of an apocalypse," declared an alliance of indigenous peoples in French daily Le … Illegal logging is the harvesting of wood that is in violation of national regulations. Illegal logging destroys trees that act as carbon sinks and climate regulators which play a significant role in global warming and climate change. By using the military and the police to crush opposition and … Research indicates that this rate is only comparable to the historical biodiversity loss caused by catastrophic events such as huge volcanic eruptions. Cause trees hold the soil to make it stronger and prevents land slide. (I accept), Working to sustain the natural world for the benefit of people and nature. The continuous land-grabbing, exploitation, and illegal logging in watersheds could have been the reasons behind the massive flooding in Marikina during the onslaught of Typhoon Ulysses, not the water from dams, senators said Wednesday. – In the Brazili… Some are even contradictory. It is approximated that the modern-day rate of extinction is in the range of 1 to 10 species annually. "Implications in water catchments could include increasing turbidity, salinity, nutrients — which can result in algal blooms," she said. (causes and effects) Illegal Logging Illegal logging is the cutting down of trees, transporting them, or using their products such as timber for economic gains against the prohibition by law. Last Updated: June 17, 2020 References Illegal logging refers to any business practice in which trees are harvested or extracted without proper clearance or oversight. By Dr. Michael A. © 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. To a great extent, this is fueling the demand for illegal timber which means more illegal logging. It can also happen when forests are cleared for plantations such as oil palm. In the forest regions, there is always a rural community or indigenous people living within the locality. Particularly, their tribal cultures are lost if the forest goes away and it also makes it difficult for them to forage which threatens their survival. Global warming is mainly caused by too much Carbon Dioxide that traps heat and making it hot to melt the ice in North Pole and South Pole, trees … Illegal logging is a problem in the society nowadays which it is the very big problem in the world. Illegal logging is said to lower the prices of world timber in the ranges of 7% to 16% annually, causing a global revenue loss of about 15 billion US dollars per year. We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. Find out more about the GFTN’s work in advancing sustainable forestry, WWF/GFTN Guide to Lesser Known Timber Species, Transforming markets: Better products start with you. The reason for this is that illegal timber is normally cheaper compared to legal timber in black markets thereby denying legal operators competitive advantage. Isa na dito mga tributaries leading to Cagayan River, long term rainfall that cause saturation of soil, not properly silted rivers and other factors,” he said. Chris Taylor noticed an increase in loggers operating in hard-to-reach areas. That's why it's critical to work closely with the timber industry to ensure they not only meet legal requirements, but take a step beyond to practice responsible forest management and trade. Impacts caused by those crimes have a global reach. Illegal logging has contributed to conflicts with indigenous and local populations, violence, human rights abuses, corruption, funding of armed conflicts and the worsening of poverty. What does the phrase ‘Nature’s Bounty’ mean? Illegal logging generally focuses on high-value species and results in a selective clearing of certain species. It causes environmental damage, retards sustainable development, costs governments billions in lost revenue, promotes corruption, undermines the rule of law and good governance and in some places finance armed conflicts. 1. (And 7 Ways to Reuse Them). Particularly, their tribal cultures are lost if the forest goes away and it … Between August 2003 and 2004, the deforestation rate for the Amazon, the world’s largest tropical forest, was the second highest ever recorded. It creates room for businesses and individuals to deliberately over-harvest or take advantage of the legislation gaps. In poor countries, governments lose revenue from duties and taxes and other costs related to the management of illegal logging. This could include harvesting timber from protected areas, felling protected species, or exceeding logging quotas. By doing this, we will be curtailing illegal logging together with its associated multi-billion dollar industry and illegal markets. Some also depend on the forest resources for income and as such, illegal logging withdraws their only source of income which makes them modern-day slaves and shadows of their real cultures. The trends of illegal logging and current situation of illegal logging in Peninsular Malaysia were studies. These communities or tribes are in most cases very poor and entirely depend on the forest for their needs and survival. Features, Importance and Location of Rainforests, What is Agroforestry? Among the best solutions to illegal logging, management is the promotion of forest stewardship programs. Unfortunately, only a fifth of these forests are protected under envi… 40-61% of timber production in Indonesia is believed to stem from illegal logging. © 2021 . Importers of illegal logs and the dependency of black wood in countries such as Japan, China, the US, and the EU make the problem even worse. These are often large, long lived, seed producing trees. Plus, data gaps limit government officials and other stakeholders from getting an accurate picture of the region’… Full report, WWF Position Paper on Illegal Logging and Related Trade (March 2007), Briefing Note on the EU Timber Regulation, Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Act. Illegal charcoal, furniture and timber trade, 4. P. whereas illegal logging of tropical timber causes serious ecological, [...] economic and social damage not only in the countries [...] of origin but also in countries in temperate zones, since it gives rise to significant distortions on the market for wood products. Such programs can also aid in protecting vulnerable forest areas from further degradation as a result of encroachments or conversion into farmlands. From food, shelter to fuel, it’s all obtained from the forest. Rural Poverty. Also, spreading the word about the impacts of illegal logging through blogs, social media, political groups, and community programs can help people understand the issues at hand which can eventually help address the matter. (And 5 Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), Is Denim Eco-Friendly? The extensive fragmentation and degradation of the forest have put more animal and plant species on the verge of extinction. These communities or tribes are in most cases very poor and entirely depend on the forest for their needs and survival. Looking for a unique gift for someone special? What are the consequences for an ecosystem when selective illegal logging removes all the seed-bearing trees of specific commercially-desirable species? The relevant forest management authorities should take action and utilize their constitutional provisions on environmental protection to enact laws and regulations restricting the practice. Illegal logging accounts for 50-90% of all forestry activities in key producer tropical forests, such as those of the Amazon Basin, Central Africa and Southeast Asia, and 15-30% of all wood traded globally*. Forest loss as a result of illegal logging is a threat to biodiversity in forest habitats. Many translated example sentences containing "illegal logging" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Incredibly, since 2015, the forest area in the Philippines has been rising, mainly thanks to government initiatives and increased law enforcement 1. Charcoal is used for heating and cooking in most developing countries and those who engage in the trade illegally cut down trees which are then used to make the charcoal. These communities or tribes are in most cases very poor and entirely depend on the forest for their needs and survival. These initiatives, therefore, provide the most outstanding global standards for the management of forest, and as consumers; it’s now upon us to be mindful when purchasing timber and its products. Be an informed consumer and always look for the, Help protect the Amazon. As much as big businesses, top government officials, and executives in the corporate world may take the matter of illegal logging less seriously for their own selfish gains and wealth accumulation, it is something that will ultimately affect the whole world. (And Can You Sell Them? 3. In 2002, the World Bank estimated that illegal activities may account for one-tenth of the global timber … (And Ways to Dispose of Them), Are Yogurt Cups Recyclable? From food, shelter to fuel, it’s all obtained from the forest. Apart from the numerous environmental consequences of illegal logging, it can also weaken the economy of poor countries. Though it may sound harmless, illegal logging is a leading cause of deforestation around the world, creating disruptions that can permanently destroy ecosystems. The economics of the markets globally equally plays a role in promoting illegal logging. An area of 26,130 square kilometers – around the size of Belgium – was destroyed, most of it illegally. trade in illegally harvested timber is highly lucrative and estimated to be worth between USD $30 and USD $100 billion annually*. High-density wood is often preferred to make high-quality charcoal, which means the illegal cutting down of hardwood trees. Why not help them protect the world's largest rainforest through the. The most common victims are trees and species whose natural habitat is the forest. In Gabon, 70% of harvested timber is considered illegal. From time to time, however, these groups and organizations experience challenges in terms of support, funding, or manpower. Not only are governments losing out today, but the loss of these valuable natural resources could … As custodians of our planet’s resources, it’s important for people to join the fight against illegal logging by offering donations or by volunteering. It involves the use of corrupt ways to reach the forests or protected areas, the harvesting or cutting down of the trees without approval, and selling them elsewhere or in black markets as timber. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Furthermore, lower prices for forest products made from illegally harvested timber undermine fair competition and distort global markets. Most states in regions such as Australia, Europe, USA, and Asia only prohibit illegal timber and timber products which are pronounced as not enough in the fight against illegal logging. As a result of this selective illegal logging certain endemic species are depleted from forests. Failing the forests - Europe's illegal timber trade. When trees are cut without the right permits and are smuggled abroad, governments lose out financially in several ways, including lost revenue from taxes and duties and the costs of efforts to manage illegal logging. The causes of illegal logging is illegal for both timber and land conversion to other uses, such as plantations, agriculture and settlement. In the forest regions, there is always a rural community or indigenous people living within the locality. Limited resources, weak institutions, and lax laws have contributed to inadequate law enforcement and the lack of proper land use management. Participants at the recent FLA event identified several underlying causes for Latin America’s illegal logging. As global demand for comedies such as paper, wood, and palm oil soars, companies and people continue to encroach even deeper into forests, aggravating the illegal logging problem. "Logging at steep slopes can cause soil erosion which can be deposited in waterways," ANU soil erosion scientist Elle Bowd said. From food, shelter to fuel, it’s all obtained from the forest. countries illegal logging causes deforestation and forest degradation, which in turn contributes to global greenhouse gas emissions. Illegal logging contributes to deforestation and by extension global warming, causes loss of biodiversity, and undermines the rule of law.These illegal activities undermine responsible forest management, encourage corruption and tax evasion and reduce the income of the producer countries, further limiting the resources producer countries can invest in sustainable … Illegal logging can cause the destroying of ecosystems. View our Cookie Policy. (And Is It Bad For Environment), Are Solar Panels Recyclable? Illegal logging is the cutting down of trees, transporting them, or using their products such as timber for economic gains against the prohibition by law. The environmental effects of illegal logging include deforestation, the loss of biodiversity and the emission of greenhouse gases. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, this forest cover was at around 70% 1. Illegal logging and related trade occurs when timber is harvested, transported, processed, bought or sold in violation of national or sub-national laws. There are numerous forest management groups, organizations, and community programs that work tirelessly to fight illegal logging. P. unter [...] Hinweis darauf, dass illegale Tropenholzeinschläge schwere … Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. “Hindi lang illegal logging ang cause ng pagbaha but maraming factors. The reason why people illegally log is because they don' t want to pay for the land and fix it afterwards. In a country largely lawless the use of violence is endemic. How Deforestation Affects Climate Change, Humans and Animals? The lives of indigenous communities and villagers living in proximity to the forests are usually destroyed in countless ways because of illegal logging. Illegal logging and related trade is a major problem in many global timber producers’ countries. Poor living standards for indigenous populations, New Zealand Environment is At Stake, Reveals Eye-Opening Report, 5. Illegal Logging in Amazon by National Geographic. (And 7 Ways to Reuse), Are Egg Shells Recyclable? In the forest regions, there is always a rural community or indigenous people living within the locality. © 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund). Stewardship councils and programs can work as effective tools for managing forests by tracking timber harvesting, transportation, and sale. Illegal logging is the problem because it leads to a poor economy in society because of the population is increasing each year and needs the expansion of a land. While other people and countries may think that it only affects the producing countries, long-term climatic, economic, and environmental problems will affect most of the countries in the world. All Rights Reserved . Illegal logging exists because of increasing demand for timber, paper and derivative products, including packaging. Chatham House Report - Tackling illegal logging and the related trade: what progress and where next? Illegal logging often takes place in countries with poor governance and law enforcement capacity, especially in tropical rainforests and the boreal forests in Russia’s Far East. Other factors are the factors of poverty and employment factors. (And 10 Ways to Reuse Egg Shells), Why are Forests Important and 20+ Unbelievable Reasons For Loss of Forests. June 4, 2019 June 4, 2019 Dr. Michael A. Bengwayan 1 Comment. Do you know where your bookshelves came from? Stricter regulations on forest management, Various Human Activities That Affect an Ecosystem, Advantages and Disadvantages of Intensive Farming, 9 Wonderful Ways Courier Companies Can Reduce Their Carbon Footprint, Can You Recycle Photos? This can occur because parts of their national or local legislation are unclear or because compliance with the law is either too expensive or involves lengthy bureaucratic processes that are inaccessible … More and more species are unable to survive as the practice denies the habitat the crucial natural interconnectedness. Weaknesses and laxity in forest governance, 1. We as the consumers can equally be part of the solution and we can contribute by ensuring that we only purchase certified timber products. These issues combined leave so many gaps in forest management and governance and as such, it makes it hard for the formal systems to strictly enforce laws guarding against illegal logging. The excessive extraction of timber beyond the stipulated limits is equally pronounced as illegal logging. An oncoming car was forced to swerve onto the highway’s shoulder to avoid possible death. It involves the use of corrupt ways to reach the forests or protected areas, the harvesting or cutting down of the trees without approval and selling them elsewhere or in black markets as timber. What is a Rainforest? What about those picture frames? Another aspect of illegal logging is ‘informal logging' that involves small-scale timber producers who may be operating illegally because of the challenges of complying with the law. In this article, we focus on the underlying causes of illegal logging, its effects, and solutions to the pervasive problem. It is estimated that illegal logging depresses world timber prices by between 7% and 16% per year, and causes a global loss of revenue of around US$ 15 billion per year. Forest governance in producer countries very poor and the laws in place are lax at addressing illegal logging concerns. The global trade in roundwood, paper, furniture, and other products originating from illegally extracted timber is a multi-million dollar industry. 25% of Russia's timber exports originate from illegal logging. Importance and Components of Agroforestry, Can You Recycle Propane Tanks? Conserve Energy Future. Aside from increasing the global temperatures, the practice also accounts for the reduction of the total forest cover area exposing most of the lands to high temperatures and extreme weather conditions. Forest stewardship, motivated by a commercial interest in maintaining wood supply, can help protect vulnerable forests from illegal logging, encroachment or conversion to farmland. Improved enforcement of forest laws and increasing regulation of trade. Some drivers originate outside the forest sector, like the demand for cheap products, the extensive paperwork required to obtain logging permits, the corruption of some administrative processes, and complications in accessing credit to establish forest operations. Consequently, they are put in a situation where they source firewood for cooking and heating from the forest that encourages the practice of constant illegal logging. This further increases losses to governments and starts a vicious cycle in the market. Causes of Illegal Logging 1. Furthermore, many countries have unclear and poor legal frameworks. Often local communities are ignored as their forests are cut around them. This causes US firms losses of at least US$460 million each year. ), Can You Recycle Lotion Bottles? Illegal logging is the leading cause of forest degradation worldwide and contributes to global warming. Causes of Illegal Logging 1. Illegal Logging Killing Philippine Forests – OpEd . Across the Democratic Republic of Congo foreign owned logging companies are causing widespread destruction of one of the most valuable remaining tropical forests in the world. Illegal loggingtakes away their traditional way of life and livelihoods. In Liberia, the programme helped forest communities to negotiate fair contracts with logging companies to stop illegal deforestation, and a … ), Can You Recycle Trophies? Examples of extreme weather impacts include the wildfires in Portugal, heatwaves in phoenix, and extreme flooding in Miami beaches. For instance, the illegal logging in the Amazon forest is projected to lessen rain in northern China and the Midwest US while increasing rain in Northern Europe and Eastern Africa. Producing countries with the laws but without enough effort to enforce them must also strive to strengthen their action plans on forest law enforcement. Examples of Illegal Logging Rates in Timber Producing Countries – In Indonesia it is estimated that up to 90 percent of logging is illegal. Illegal logging is a pervasive problem, causing enormous damage to forests, local communities, and the economies of producer countries. … For the effectiveness of forest stewardship programs, it is essential that it works directly with the lumber mills and timber industry to monitor and curtail black markets. eur-lex.europa.eu. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Illegal logging takes away their traditional way of life and livelihoods. There is an increasing dependency on charcoal, furniture, and timber across the world. Over time population increases day by day more and more rapidly, causing the pressure of needing a place to live, the trees be felled to clear land for residential or agricultural. Illegal logging exists because of increasing demand for timber, paper and derivative products, including packaging. The … All countries will feel the combined problems in the long-term, 2. Stricter legislation in all countries against illegal logging and the prohibition of importing illegal timber can go a long way in solving the problem. Illegal logging will mainly cause land slide, flash flood and global warming. lost revenue that may have been generated from legal logging of forests. (And 9 Ways to Reuse Old Photos), Are Aluminum Cans Recyclable? The lives of indigenous communities and villagers living in proximity to the forests are usually destroyed in countless ways because of illegal logging. has estimated that illegal logging depresses world timber prices by between 7% and 16%, depending on the product. Some may also illegally obtain wood from the forest and sell them to lumber mills. Further, since such villages experience harsh economic situations and considering that the forest is their only source of income, they often collude with illegal loggers for monetary gains. (And Are They Compostable? Over 25% of the country is covered by forest, and over 90% of this forest is owned by the government. Besides, the losses are not only in terms of current revenue but may also lead to major economic ramifications in the future due to the degradation of valuable natural resources. Rural Poverty. Despite the economic importance of trade in timber and forest products, major international timber consumer countries, such as the EU, have no legal means to halt the import of illegally sourced forest products, [4] because the identification of … Illegal logging versus other drivers of forest loss 82 The extent of the illegal logging problem 83 The nature of illegal logging 85 Change over time 87 5.1.2 Wood-balance estimates of illegal logging 89 Brazil 90 Cameroon 91 Ghana 93 Indonesia 94 Malaysia 95 5.1.3 Summary conclusions – impacts on end goals 97 5.1.4 The causes and costs of observed reductions in illegal logging 99 Causes … Serious governments, regional organizations, and third party certification initiatives like the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and EU are working round the clock to ensure only certified timber reaches the markets. Timber that is logged without payment of duties and taxes pushes down the market price of timber, which acts as an incentive for other loggers to follow the same practice. Subjecting the lawbreakers to harsh penalties such as sentencing and huge fines can considerably aid in managing the problem. This is now the … … eur-lex.europa.eu . To pay for the land and fix it afterwards Stake, Reveals Eye-Opening Report, 5 timber! Logging is not as prevalent as it was during the 1980s and 90s although it still occurs in areas. Species are depleted from forests people illegally log is because they don ' t want to pay for the of... Violence is endemic lived, seed producing trees more and more species are unable to as. Or indigenous people living within the locality the police to crush opposition and … illegal generally... Modern-Day rate of extinction is in the long-term, 2 that may have generated... Cheaper compared to legal timber in black markets thereby denying legal operators competitive.! 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Illegally harvested timber is considered illegal of illegal logging is a multi-million dollar industry groups organizations! Erosion which can be deposited in waterways, '' ANU soil erosion scientist Elle said. Subjecting the lawbreakers to harsh penalties such as sentencing and huge fines can considerably aid in managing the.. Increasing demand for illegal timber is highly lucrative and estimated to be worth USD., local communities are ignored as their forests are cut around them practice. Effort to enforce them must also strive to strengthen their action plans on law! And 20+ Unbelievable Reasons for loss of forests taxes and other costs related our... Killing Philippine forests – OpEd global reach the natural world for the benefit of people Nature! Most cases very poor and entirely depend on the forest ' t want to pay for,!

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