Retrieved on April 4, 2014,from http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/04/world/asia/hong-kong-national-education-protests/, [6] Chong & Tam (2012, October 9). The Associated Press. Moral, Civic and National Education Committee Aims. Some countries may refer to it as “Citizenship Education” or “National Education.” According to Branson and Quigley (1998), civic education in a democracy is education to encourage citizens to become actively involved in their own governance. This has been particularly true since 2011, when CE has been given many names, causing confusion among educators. Later, the hunger strike included teachers, a parent, and even a retired professor. School-based civic and moral education programmes on community exploration, Chinese national identity, moral and value education, environmental education also flourished in this period. Moral and national education is a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong, it s transformed from the current moral and civic education. Not for Korean students? Encourage students to care for Hong Kong, and cultivate among students a stronger sense of belonging to China and be aware of their national identity. Page | 1 Abstract This study examined two main effects on student civic learning. In light of the concerns of declining value education in higher education and the debates on the role of general education in current university setting, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the relation between general education and moral and civic education by examining the effectiveness of a compulsory classics reading general education program in cultivating civic … Moral and Civic Education (MCE) was highlighted in the 2000 curricular reform proposals in Hong Kong. It has been fascinating to witness the developments of HK under the Chinese Central governmental rule with continuous dichotomy in ideologies between groups, though “One Country, Two Systems” for HK has been agreed between China and Great Britain before the handover… Let’s see what next will be going on! Moral and Civic Education (MCE) has been an overall goal of Hong Kong’s education system since 2001, while Moral and National Education (MNE) was proposed as a new subject in an effort to introduce a patriotic agenda in 2011. Hong Kong people just cannot deny the fact that we have to depend much on China, particularly in the economic development. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers' perceptions of moral, civic and national education. PDF | On May 20, 2016, Kerry John Kennedy published HONG KONG’S CIVIC EDUCATION IN CHALLENGING TIMES | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate After the return of Hong Kong to China, promoting national education and increasing students’ understanding of their country and national identity have become the common goals of primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong. It also claims to "enhance" students' commitments and contributions to analyse and judge personal, family, social, national and global issues. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. To cultivate in students a sense of belonging to Hong Kong and China so that they are able to … The Hong Kong Extensive … It was returned to Chinese sovereignty on the 1st of July in 1997. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education: Vol. The goal of the protest was, expressly, to compel the government to pull back its plans of Moral and National Education. [4]. Curriculum is not neutral. At the very least, we have to deal with the influx of increasingly large numbers of Mainland Chinese tourists every day. (2012, September 4). Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong SAR Government, pro-Chinese political parties, educators, and students, on one side, and demonstrators against them, on another side. Moral and national education Traditional Chinese Teaching on the topic was continuing in the form of different subjects and activities in schools. It was one of the four key tasks in the curriculum reform proposal undertaken by the Education Commission in the … [6], "Scholarism – The Alliance Against Moral & National Education" (later renamed "Scholarism", 學民思潮) was founded by a group of secondary school students on 29 May 2011, with no political affiliations. From my own perspective, this trend is just unavoidable as it is a way for Hong Kong to have a better integration. This course … [7] Conversely, the public may believe that it would be chiefly to promote national education and enhance students’ understanding of China and national identity. (2017). Moral and national education is a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong, it s transformed from the current moral and civic education. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://hkupop.hku.hk/english/popexpress/qre/tp1312075_18.html, [5] Lai, A. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. Primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong have been very supportive of MNE. Mixed methods were employed to examine teachers’ perceptions of different conceptions of CE expressed as moral, civic and national education. George Washington University. Civic education seems an indispensable element for the citizens in most of the nations. In 2017-18, the committee started to develop values education on respect, inclusiveness, responsibility, thankfulness and love (with the theme of Towards an Environmentally Friendly School) and … Some youth put their health at risk by going on hunger strike outside the government headquarters for days and days to illustrate the intensity of their anger, although some critics believed that political parties paid students for going on strike. Delivering Civic Education in Hong Kong 3 modes of civic education curricula (Kerr 1999; Torney-Purta et al, 1999; Birzea et al, 2004). This has been particularly true since 2011, when CE has been given many names, causing confusion among educators. [22], CBCNews. Leung, Y. W. (2008). [www.cbc.ca/news/world/hong-kong-fears-pro-china-brainwashing-in-education-1.1296013 Hong Kong fears pro-China brainwashing in education]. On this ground, it is to develop students' ability to identify the values embedded, analyse objectively … Teach students the importance of environmental protection and encourage students to participate in recycling and using resources well. The government planned to introduce the new subject in primary schools in 2012 and secondary schools in 2013, and carried out a four-month consultation in 2011. Moral and Civic Education (MCE) was highlighted in the 2000 curricular reform proposals in Hong Kong. While the study is set within the context of Hong Kong, the findings are valuable to policymakers and educators in other countries … Back to square one: The re-depoliticizing of civic education in Hong Kong. [10], Scholarism began their occupation of the Hong Kong government headquarters on 30 August 2012. The BBC. The website says that the new subject could develop students’ ability to analyze and judge issues relating to personal, family, social, national, and global issues at different developmental stages, and increase their motivation to make commitment and contribution. Annually, the University of Hong Kong implements a public survey through Public Opinion Program to keep track of the progress of the citizens’ identity. In introducing Moral, Civic, and National Education in Hong Kong, different actors played an active role behind the scenes – including the Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong SAR Government, various political parties, educators, and youth (students) – all with their own interests and agendas. Citizens’ participation in a democratic society must be based on informed, critical reflection, and on the understanding and acceptance of the rights and responsibilities that go with that membership. Moral and Civic Education Curriculum ... (ACSE7) was held on the campus of The Education University of Hong Kong (EdUHK) on 18-19 October 2019. Moral and Civic Education was set as one of the four major educational concerns. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. [8], Another prominent pressure group, the National Education Parents' Concern Group (Parents' Concern Group, 國民教育家長關注組) was formed in July 2012. They were afraid that the degree of freedom in this special administrative region would be gradually limited or eventually diminished. Ironically, most Hong Kong people are actually the early settlers from China. Cable News Network. Generally speaking, the curriculum before 1985 in Hong Kong was a-national. Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong … The aim of it is to develop positive attitudes and values that provide the 'affective basis for effective learning'. (1998). Hong Kong debates ‘national education’ classes. Cable News Network. Moral Education in Hong Kong: Confucian-Parental, Christian-Religious and Liberal-Civic Influences. ( Log Out /  Moral and civic education is a key aim of the Hong Kong English language education curriculum. The group is known for being one of the few organisations that protested outside the Central Government Liaison Office after the 1 July March 2012. 47, No. Organisers said … There are six priority values and attitudes that our team is committed to cultivate among students, namely “responsibility”, “diligence”, “care for others”, “positive attitude”, “integrity” and “gratitude”. The influence from China overall will be further intensified in the coming decades. First, conceptualized in a leading for learning framework, the effects of teacher and principal perceptions of parent, teacher and student engagement in school governance on student civic learning were explored. The Education University of Hong Kong . Introduction Hong Kong had become a British colony since 1842 by the Treaty of Nanking. An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. [13] On 7 September, up to 120,000 attendees, including retired legislator Martin Lee, Cardinal Joseph Zen and businessman Jimmy Lai, attended the demonstration outside the government headquarters, filling the entire North Admiralty area; police said there were 36,000 attendees at 9.30 pm. Authors: Wong, Koon Lin The Education University of Hong Kong; Lee, Chi Kin John The Education University of Hong Kong; Chan, Kin Sang Jacqueline The Education University of Hong Kong; Kennedy, Kerry John The Education University of Hong Kong; Source: … Teachers perceived that moral and civic education was more successful than moral and national education in cultivating students to become ‘good citizens’. Hong Kong school year starts hunger strikes. respect for others, responsibility, national identity, commitment) through teaching in various key learning areas and subjects, as well as a wide range of learning experiences. In introducing Moral, Civic, and National Education in Hong Kong, different actors played an active role behind the scenes – including the Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong SAR Government, various political parties, educators, and youth (students) – all with their own interests and agendas. On 13 October 2010, Chief Executive Donald Tsang stated in the "Policy Address 2010–2011" that moral and national education would replace MCE to "strengthen national education". As students during the British colonial era, however, we did not study anything about a national identity associated with China. Not surprisingly, the introduction of Moral, Civic, and National Education into Hong Kong’s public school curriculums through Chief Executive Donald Tsang’s “Policy Address 2010-2011” has raised a lot of controversy in the society, especially in the academic arena. The findings indicate that some teachers might not be able to differentiate among moral education, … Moral and civic education was one of the four key tasks in the 2001 curriculum reform undertaken by the Education and Manpower Bureau (superseded by the Education Bureau in 2007), and its framework was revised by the Education Bureau in 2008. It focuses on a broad conception of moral and civic education: an education that prepares young people to live in Hong Kong society, as well as in a world which is seen as fast-paced, dynamic, and sometimes threatening. The Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union (PTU), an organisation formed by different levels of teachers, believes that MNE is unnecessary, as the original civic education curriculum had already contained "national education". Leung, C.-H. and Chan, H.Y. [7] Scholarism is the first pressure group formed and has become the leading organisation against MNE. It then examines in more detail: parental influence at home – the Confucian moral source in Chinese family; schooling influenced by religious sources – taking … School-based civic and moral education programmes on community exploration, Chinese national identity, moral and value education, environmental education also flourished in this period. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers’ perceptions of moral, civic and national education. [14][15][16], In mid-September 2012, Anonymous hackers threatened the Hong Kong government organisation National Education Services Centre. It is evidence of nationalism wave 1:). The subject was controversial for its stance on the Communist Party of China and criticism of the United States two-party system.[1]. The Moral and Civic Education Committee seeks to inculcate positive values in students and raise their social awareness. According to the organisers, over 90000 protestors, including parents and their children, joined in this march. The main reason for this controversy was that people in Hong Kong have been suffering from an identity crisis after a century of British rule. Second, drawing on a situated learning … & Quigley, C.N. Journal of Moral Education, v33 n4 p533-551 Dec 2004. Moral and Civic Education; Moral and Civic Education. [6], Moreover, there have been divergent views towards Moral, Civic, and National Education among the community-at-large and the official website of the Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government. It The main reason for this controversy was that people in Hong Kong have been suffering from an identity crisis after a century of British rule. ( Log Out /  A brief review of the social and educational context of Hong Kong shows that the publication of the "General guidelines on moral education in schools" in 1981, by the Hong Kong Education … Advocates from 91 Countries Call on Governments to Stop Education Profiteers | Peri Global, Let’s Change the Debate and Encourage the Right Kind of Charter. Long-term plan. The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. The Education Bureau stated that it is to cultivate “positive values and attitudes” in students. [8], This education reform literally reflected how little trust Hong Kong citizens have in the Chinese Central government. "Road closures a flashpoint during tense marches", Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China, Moral and National Education Curriculum Guide (Primary 1 to Secondary 6), "Record-high turnout for anti-national education protests", "CE shelves national education guidelines after panel report", "Is national education set to make a comeback in Hong Kong? Hence, we have a saying: “Hong Kong people have dual feelings towards China, both hatred and loving emotions.”, [1] Branson, M.S. It may also show how frightened the next generation is about convergence with the motherland, Mainland China. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications by email. 628-646. Moral and Civic Education (MCE) was highlighted in the 2000 curricular reform proposals in Hong Kong. It was civic quality on display, and that’s the best civic education we need,” he said to an emotional crowd at 1.30am. It was a milestone for civic education in Hong Kong… The HKSAR Government planned to implement the reform in various stages by initially introducing a new subject in primary schools in 2012 and then in secondary schools in 2013. The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. We can see that education is a powerful socialized tool to influence one’s mind. Members of the political body are its citizens and membership implies participation. The Controversies of Moral, Civic, and National Education in Hong Kong, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-19407425, http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/30/world/asia/hong-kong-national-education-controversy/, http://hkupop.hku.hk/english/popexpress/qre/tp1312075_18.html, http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/04/world/asia/hong-kong-national-education-protests/, http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1056653/controversial-guidelines-national-education-shelved, http://www.edb.gov.hk/en/curriculum-development/4-key-tasks/moral-civic/index.html, http://www.ibtimes.com/hong-kong-protesters-national-education-wary-integration-mainland-china-780011, Ukrainian Government Says NO to Western Educated Ukrainians, Fixing Connecticut School Finance: The Time is Now, On Private Schools and Discrimination: Response to Hechinger Report Editorial Note, Politico: Trump Officials at Pentagon Refused to Cooperate with Biden Team. 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