22329. This intense pressure does not encourage learning. It measures only a small portion of what makes education meaningful. The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing. 0. It seems likely that the kinds of habits high school grades capture are more relevant for success in college than a score from a single test.” [84], © 2020 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. ProCon.org. Standardized testing is a controversial topic among teachers, parents, voters, and students. As a teacher, you will encounter standardized testing many times in your career. The educational system in the United States has been using standardized tests to evaluate the performance of students. The Benefits of Standardized Testing . The pros and cons of standardized testing show that the amount of information that these tests can generate is invaluable. 5. Instead of evaluating the hard work that a student puts in for improvement, the test basically calls the student a failure. Standardized tests offer an objective measurement of education and a good metric to gauge areas for improvement. If a student receives a 90% rating in mathematics, for example, then parents know that their student is performing better in that subject than 90% of their peers throughout the country. Standardized assessment is a learning metric While students are evaluated by standardized tests, we get a reliable metric that we can use to analyze the progress of our education system. But in order to do so, you have to make sure that the test has in fact a spread of scores. The net result is less wasted instructional time and a simplified way of timeline management.2) Gives parents a good idea of how their children are doing as compared to students across the country and locally. [69] Instead, as Steve Martinez, EdD, Superintendent of Twin Rivers Unified in California, and Rick Miller, Executive Director of CORE Districts, note, each “state currently reports yearly change, by comparing the scores of this year’s students against the scores of last year’s students who were in the same grade. And the reason you do that is so you can make judgments among these kids. based on the information you’ve reviewed. Standardized testing does offer an alternate version of a test to accommodate some students. Other types of standardized testing are essay questions, short-answer question types or a combination of both. This means there is a lot of unnecessary competition between classrooms and schools about test results just so that the school can receive the funding that they want or need. Their use is often touted because it allows students and teachers to be compared with one another, showing how well someone is performing or what educational gaps may need to be addressed. Standardized testing has been implemented for over a decade, but according to studies, the achievement gap still hasn’t narrowed. Here are a few of the pros and cons of standardized testing. The current use of No. "Standardized Tests." Seems reasonable, right? These will further tend to … It’s not just that the designers have unconscious racial bias; the standardized testing industry depends on these kinds of biased questions in order to create a wide range of scores.” Choi offers an example from his own 10th grade class, “a student called me over with a question. Standardized testing is an essential tool to developing an advantageous school curriculum. The pros and cons of standardized testing show that the amount of information that these tests can generate is invaluable. Because teacher evaluations are based on the results of standardized tests, it has caused many teachers to change their classroom approach. Standardized testing only provides a one-day evaluation for a student. Standardized testing causes severe stress in younger students. [79] [80] As W. James Popham, PhD, noted, “standardized achievement tests should not be used to determine the effectiveness of a state, a district, a school, or a teacher. They can destroy a student’s self-esteem. Standardized tests are unfair and discriminatory against non English speakers and students with special needs. 1) Standardized testing gives teachers guidance to help them determine what to teach students and when to teach it. 2. We use test results, along with a slew of other data, to inform instruction for each child. School Uniforms – Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? Or at training students to apply creative thinking to solve messy and complex issues with no easy answers?” [73], The origin of American standardized tests are those created by psychologist Carl Brigham, PhD, for the Army during World War I, which was later adapted to become the SAT. The pros and cons of standardized testing — in one highly unusual list. Proponents argue that standardized tests offer an objective measurement of education and a good metric to gauge areas for improvement, as well as offer meaningful data to help students in marginalized groups, and that the scores are good indicators of college and job success. List of the Disadvantages of Standardized Testing 1. 1. Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 5/11/15 1:22PM As the American education system continues to place more emphasis on standardized testing to measure academic achievement, critics have argued that it can be more harmful than helpful to students’ development in the long run. While studies find a negative relationship between test preparation and instructional quality, some experts believe that concerns about teaching to the test may be exaggerated. Pros of Standardized Testing: 1. It promises big results that do not usually happen. Standardized tests. Standardized testing will only determine how proficient a student is at the time the test has been taken. Administration observation, student surveys, student test scores, professional portfolios, and on and on. [61], Chris Stewart, CEO of brightbeam, summarizes, “We only know that there’s a difference between White students and Black students and other students of color because we have the data. However, there has been an ongoing debate among scholars, parents, and teachers on the effectiveness of these tests. In short, the tests only show which students are best at preparing for and taking the tests, not what knowledge students might exhibit if their stomachs weren’t empty. Discuss why those make a valuable opinion to standardized testing. Differential item functioning will flag that question as problematic.” [57], Moulon continued, explaining, “What’s cool about psychometrics is that it will flag stuff that a human would never be able to notice. However, many tips and tricks for how to approach standardized tests can be found online. Accountability – Accountability is one thing that this kind of examination offers which is accountable for both teachers and students. What the test may cover may not be what the students have learned in class. Testing also is a helpful tool to inform parents and teachers on a student 's progress in class. Funding is often dependent on student scoring. A low score might even result in summer tutoring, which ruins the idea of a summer vacation from school. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? This is why some school systems are pushing back on things like Common Core state standards and ever more colleges are becoming test-optional. 8. Pros and Cons. [74], Racial bias has not been stripped from standardized tests. On pros and cons: “Pros: Standardized assessments provide a snapshot of how well a student is learning state standards. 1. Students that are highly intelligent and take the standardized tests well will often receive little attention from their teacher because the teacher’s focus has shifted to the poor test takers. ], [Editor’s Note: The MLA citation style requires double spacing within entries. It encourages kids to work together. 2. The Kansas Silent Reading Test (1914-1915) is the earliest known published multiple-choice test, developed by Frederick J. Kelly, a Kansas school director. Teachers can see what they need to … Educational systems are not meant to be static structures. 7. This further limits the learning potential of students, especially the gifted and talented students who would benefit from skill-based learning. Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? This can occur when the characteristics of a new device do not meet the explicit or tacit assumptions that were made in creating the test. 6. Julie Anne Wells Tuesday, May 14, 2019. This means a standardized test isn’t always an accurate reflection of the intelligence a student has. Retrieved from https://standardizedtests.procon.org/, ProCon.org. Test Prep Coach: Pros: You will receive direct teaching to improve your deficits. Even within individual school districts, the amount of funding a specific school receives is often dependent on the test scores that are achieved. ” [59], Sheryl Lazarus, PhD, Director of the National Center on Educational Outcomes at the University of Minnesota, stated, “a real plus of these assessments is that they’ve really shone a light on the differences across sub-groups. [56] Standardized tests offer students across the country a unified measure of their knowledge. They are a familiar component of the US educational system. 3. Let's examine the pros and cons. Our focus on standardized testing hasn’t helped us improve our results!” [73], Busteed asks, “What if our overreliance on standardized testing has actually inhibited our ability to help students succeed and achieve in a multitude of other dimensions? Cons: You must be self-motivated. This means the student’s work is compared to the work of other students and then a grade is assigned based on that performance. One of the advantages of standardized testing centers on the fact that it has been very useful in the development and implementation of education policies and thereby, in regulating the education system within a particular jurisdiction. This lesson will highlight some of the pros and cons of standardized testing. Teacher evaluations should incorporate as many pieces of data as possible. Great teachers are opting to leave their classrooms in favor of other employment opportunities because of the pressures that standardized tests create. Civil rights education lawsuits wherein a group is suing a local or state government for better education almost always use testing data. 2. Within the past decade most states have adopted standardized statewide testing programs to measure student achievement—and there's more at stake than just grades. Standardized tests give my children test taking practice. One of the ways to have that test create a spread of scores is to limit items in the test to socioeconomic variables, because socioeconomic status is a nicely spread out distribution, and that distribution does in fact spread kids’ scores out on a test.” [75], As Young Whan Choi, Manager of Performance Assessments Oakland Unified School District in Oakland, California, explains, “Too often, test designers rely on questions which assume background knowledge more often held by White, middle-class students. Parents can also see how the educational opportunities in their region compare to national statistics. Testing also is a helpful tool to inform parents and teachers on a student 's progress in class. If a student had a difficult morning and it affects their performance on the day they take a standardized test, then their scores may not accurately reflect their true knowledge or potential. It allows overseers to determine the effectiveness of an educational system. This can also indicate how your local area is doing compared against the national landscape.3) Allows students’ progress to be tracked over the years. Cons of standardized testing. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1204 Words | 5 Pages. 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