The serpent's coils are covered with feathers Aztec 1325-1521 ,Mexico, ( The Mayans - Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization in Yucatán Mexico and Belize in Central America ( 2600 BC - 1500 AD ) Pre Columbian American ) Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The legend of the victory of Tezcatlipoca over the Feathered Serpent probably reflects historical fact. Quetzalcoatl is the Aztec incarnation of the Feathered Serpent deity, known from several Aztec codices such as the Florentine codex, as well as from the records of the Spanish conquistadors. One such myth is that the Aztecs believed that Hernan Cortes, the leader of a band of conquistadors, was in fact a reincarnated deity by the name of Quetzalcoatl. In Aztec times (14th through 16th centuries) Quetzalcóatl was revered as the patron of priests, the inventor of the calendar and of books, and the protector of goldsmiths and other craftsmen; he was also identified with the planet Venus. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. Circular temples were believed to please Ehécatl because they offered no sharp obstacles to the wind. The Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl. There is also rich iconography, sculpture, and mythology associated with Quetzalcoatl among all the major cultures of Mesoamerica not just in history but also in the modern world. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-box-4','ezslot_6',261,'0','0']));Similarly, various other birth stories are also associated with Quetzalcoatl. These, then, are the people that still inhabit the world. Quetzalcoatl has been worshiped by all the major Mesoamerican cultures including the Mayans and the Aztecs. Those bones he anointed with his own blood, giving birth to the men who inhabit the present universe. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Tezcatlipoca, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. Cortes landed in Mexico in 1519. The city was known as the center of Quetzalcoatl’s worship. 1 Appearance 2 Overview 3 History 4 Gallery He appears as a mix of bird and rattle snake and his name is a combination of the Nahuatl words for the quetzal, the emerald plumed bird, and coatl or serpent. According to this myth, the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, one of them being Quetzalcoatl, represent the four cardinal directions. Quetzalcoatl is the most recognizable name among the Aztec gods. The famed Aztec Feathered Serpent God Son of Creator God biggie Ometecuhtli, he also makes the odd appearance as Ehecatl. Different versions of the birth of god are prevalent in Mesoamerican mythology. As the Lord of the East he is associated with the morning star, … In Aztec language, his name indicated him to be a boundary between the Earth and the sky. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_4',321,'0','0']));His most prominent manifestation in art, however, is literally that of a serpent with a feathered head. The attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied in different cultures of Mesoamerica during different eras. In one version of the myth, the two brothers constantly fight with each other, which resulted in the creation and destruction of several successive ages. Among the Aztecs, the name Quetzalcoatl was also a priestly title, as the two most important priests of the Aztec Templo Mayor were called "Quetzalcoatl Tla… Each of these four sons presides over one of the four cardinal directions. With the immigration of Nahua-speaking tribes from the north, Quetzalcóatl’s cult underwent drastic changes. While this legend is disputed, it is clear that Quetzalcoatl was an important deity to the Aztecs and other people of Mexico and Central America. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee) was the … This strongly suggests that these deities were Mayan equivalents of Quetzalcoatl. For instance, he was considered the god of wind and wisdom or learning. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_9',700,'0','0']));This is evident in the iconography recovered from these sites. Aztec round dance for Quetzalcóatl and Xolotl (a dog-headed god who is Quetzalcóatl's companion), detail from a facsimile Codex Borbonicus (folio 26), c. 1520; original in the Chamber of Deputies, Paris, France. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. Aztec God Quetzalcoatl – According to one myth, Quetzalcoatl was born to a virgin called Chimalman to whom god Onteol appeared in a dream. The Aztec Feathered Serpent was discovered, along with several other sculptures of coiled serpents and jaguarsin the ancient Aztec city of Tenochtitlan which is now modern day … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Quetzalcoatl, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Quetzalcoatl, Quetzalcóatl - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Quetzalcóatl - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Aztec round dance for Quetzalcóatl and Xolotl (a dog-headed god who is Quetzalcóatl's companion), detail from a facsimile Codex Borbonicus (folio 26), c. 1520; original in … Around the 5th and 6th centuries, the cult of the feather serpent spread to many central Mexican cities, including Cocaxtla and Cholula. His name means feathered serpent and he has been worshipped since 100 BC. According to Aztec mythology, Earth had been through four cycles of Sun, each of which resulted in the destruction of mankind. 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