2009;47(2):95–108. Eclampsia is the leading cause of maternal mortality in our setup. A study conducted in Ethiopia also suggested that there was a remarkable improvement in terms of potential coverage of PMTCT services between 2006 and 2010 [52]. This is suggestive of the need for rigorous efforts in terms of improving facility delivery and women’s access to emergency obstetric care services. New York: United Nations; 2015. While some progress has been made, according to WHO estimate in 2015, the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) dropping by 44% worldwide between 1990 and 2015 [3], it remains unacceptably high in developing countries particularly in sub-Sahara African countries [4, 5]. Every year, more than 257,000 children under the age of five die and 120,000 die in the neo natal period. Unlike in 1990, the MMR was reduced among 30–35 years 35–39 age groups in 2013. California Privacy Statement, You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Poor sanitation, unsafe water supply and inadequate personal hygiene are responsible for 90% of diarrhoea occurrence; these can be easily improved by health promotion and education. Recently, the burden of these diseases is rising rapidly among populations in the low-income countries. Firstly, as there was no vital registration system in Ethiopia, the modelling was based on limited sources of data, which may influence the results. Renewed focus will be given to scaling-up TB preventive therapy, with the goal of reaching 90% coverage and completion rates among people living with HIV who are enrolled in care. Google Scholar. Popul Health Metr. Lancet. 3. 2013;10:43. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa next to Nigeria with a projected total population of 98 million in 2016 and a total fertility rate of 4.1 children per women [39, 40]. Why do women not deliver in health facilities: a qualitative study of the community perspectives in south central Ethiopia? LRI, diarrheal diseases, and neonatal syndromes remain the major causes of under-5 deaths in Ethiopia. techniques, the method of ascertaining cause of death from information obtained from relatives or associates of a deceased person [18]. The differences between the present findings and the EDHS 2016 report could be likely due to the time differences although the later report relied on small number of events (maternal deaths) occurred in 7- years preceding the survey [10]. In Ethiopia diarrhoea kills half million under-five children every year second to pneumonia. The MMR trends observed in 2013 showed that Ethiopia did not achieve the MDG target of reducing MMR to 267 per 100,000LB. Here are some of the most common diseases in Norway.. 1. PLoS ONE. Maternal mortality is the most sensitive indicator of the health disparities between poorer and richer nations, and for overall development. Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. NCD leading cause of deaths: Plan by MoH in Ethiopia By Ismael Hassen | 05 Mar, 2011 Last edited by Sophie Beauvais on 11 May 2011. 2007;11(4):395–401. January 10, 2019 (Ezega.com) - Ethiopia has reduced the rate of maternal mortality by more than 70% according to a statement by the Ministry of Health of Ethiopia. 2015 World Population Data Sheet with a special focus on women’s empowerment http://www.prb.org/pdf15/2015-world-population-data-sheet_eng.pdf. In this regard, the EDHS 2016 report pointed to high rates of maternal mortality in these specific age categories [10]. 2014;14(1):1. Part of The finding based on the GBD data was higher than that estimated by WHO [46] (353 per 100,000LB), and reports in Northern Ethiopia [7] (266 per 100 000 LB), Southwest Ethiopia (425 per 100,000LB) [6]; however, it was lower than that reported by the EDHS 2016 report (412 per 100,000) [10], and a study from Southern Ethiopia [8] (1667 per 100,000 LB). Covid-19 was likely the third leading cause of death in the United States in 2020, according to statisticians at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Furthermore, the national HIV prevalence has shown a decline in the general population including pregnant women [53]. Google Scholar. 2016;133(3):316–9. Addis Ababa and Calverton; CSA [Ethiopia] and ICF International; 2012. Malaria is still the leading cause of health problem in the country. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Focus areas include improving quality of TB/HIV screening and treatment services, laboratory services, and surveillance systems. Lancet (London, England). The modified UNAIDS EPP/SPECTRUM suite model was used to estimate population attributable fraction of HIV-related deaths during pregnancy using the RR and estimated HIV prevalence [44]. CDC’s technical support activities include investigation of malaria vector insecticide resistance, investigation of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets durability, and continued support of Ethiopian health staff enrolled in FETPs. Analysis of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) service utilization in Ethiopia: 2006-2010. GAT analyzed and interpreted the data and wrote the manuscript. Cookies policy. About 25% of Croatian citizens smoke tobacco every day, higher than the EU average. Resources need to come from a dot.ORG, or dot.NET website. The annual rate of change over these years was -1.6 (95% UI: -2.8 to -0.3). BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;388(10053):1775–812. The second reason could be due to lack of quality obstetric services at health facilities for women attending facility delivery. As of December 2018, 372 fellows  graduated from the advanced track of the Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP), reaching 70% of the GHSA target. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. CDC provides expertise and support across the 11 technical areas known as GHSA action packages. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 definition was regarded to account maternal death. DerSimonian-Laird meta-analysis of the relative risk (RR) of death was undertaken [5]. ; 2014. PubMed  Tsegay Y, Gebrehiwot T, Goicolea I, Edin K, Lemma H, Sebastian MS. Determinants of antenatal and delivery care utilization in Tigray region, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. 2003;81(10):717–25. The findings of the study highlights the need for comprehensive efforts using multisectoral collaborations from stakeholders in reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia. FETPs train a workforce of field epidemiologists, —or disease detectives—to identify and contain outbreaks before they become epidemics. The main cause of maternal death was eclampsia and its complications (28.2%). Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey 2014. The present study has strengths due to use of robust methodology and multiple sources of data that enabled us to see the overtime trends of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. Resources need to come from a dot.ORG, or dot.NET website. Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office. Addis Ababa: UNFPA; 2012. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. The differences in the present finding and the previous reviews is likely to be due to the inclusion of hospital-based studies. Thank you. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. 2016;11(3):e0150747. Worku AG, Yalew AW, Afework MF. Most of the maternal mortality happened during the postpartum period and majority of the deaths occurred at the age group of 20–29 years. Health Sector Development Programme IV (2010/11 - 2014/15). Accessed 7 Mar 2016. "We are seeing an extraordinary number of new cases a day and that’s a pretty frightening position to be in," said LaBaer. An in-depth analysis on the trends of maternal health in Ethiopia pointed to demographic, behavioural, nutritional, and health services related factors are associated with poor maternal health outcomes [16]. This infection accounts for 10 percent of deaths each year. Norway, a country in northern Europe, is known for its beautiful landscapes and happy population.While the country is commonly mentioned as one of the happiest countries in the world, it too faces the plight of disease just like the rest of the world. PubMed Google Scholar. Trends, causes, and risk factors of mortality among children under 5 in Ethiopia, 1990-2013: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 Popul Health Metr. © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Number of deaths has fallen by 1.6% in 2019. The difference between the GBD 2013 estimate and the WHO estimate was due to several reasons [47]. This suggests that programs that aim to reduce pregnancy amongst young adolescents could reduce the risk of maternal mortality arising from childbirth complications due to gynaecological immaturity and incomplete pelvic growth. Accessed 13 July 2016. NCDs are the leading cause of premature death and disability in Ethiopia accounts for about 42% of deaths, of which 27% are premature deaths before 70 years of age. PubMed Central  Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2014;2(6):e323–33. The combination of disease and malnutrition is what has caused similar death rates in previous famine crises in the region. This is inconsistent with two reviews which reported that abortion related complications and obstructed labor/uterine rupture accounted for the top leading causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia [19, 50]. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. Lancet. Yebyo H, Alemayehu M, Kahsay A. The maternal mortality ratio in developing countries in 2015 is 239 per 100 000 live births versus 12 per 100 … Ethiop J Health Sci. A recent study conducted in Wolisso district of Ethiopia reported that no deaths occurred amongst mothers who used the ambulance services to reach facilities providing emergency obstetric services [58]. The 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) is the fourth survey implemented by the… National Strategy for Newborn and Child Survival in Ethiopia Ethiopia has made impressive progress through achiving many of the national and global health indicators… Impact of food insecurity and malnutrition on the burden of Non-communicable diseases and death in Ethiopia: A situational analysis ... are among the leading causes of death among adults, which is responsible for 39% of deaths in the country in 2015 while the risk of premature NCDs mortality was reached about 15.2%. Getachew A, Ricca J, Cantor D, Rawlins B, Rosen H, Tekleberhan A, Bartlett L, Gibson H. Quality of care for prevention and management of common maternal and newborn complications: a study of Ethiopia’s hospitals. Godefay H, Byass P, Kinsman J, Mulugeta A. So COVID-19 could soon become the leading cause of death, he said. The leading causes of death in Croatia are ischemic heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer's, and lung cancer. 2006. The aim of this study was to measure infant mortality rate, investigate risk factors for infant deaths and identify causes of death in a rural population of northern Ethiopia. The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) set the target in 2000 in reducing maternal mortality by 75% for World Health Organization (WHO) member countries [3]. Introduction: In Ethiopia, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) cause 42% of deaths, of which 27% are premature deaths before 70 years of age. 2013;13(1):1–11. Addis Ababa and Calverton: CSA [Ethiopia] and ORC Macro; 2006. CDC also supports efforts to build capacity in workforce development and health systems strengthening. Accessed 10 Apr 2016. WHO Regional Office for Africa. FETP graduates lead a variety of initiatives such as training local health sector staff; updating guidelines; and making recommendations to improve hygiene standards, control mosquito-borne diseases, and increase vaccine coverage. Moreover, Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR) and Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) was launched to mitigate the challenges owing from delay in receiving quality maternal health services [32, 33]. Tessema, G.A., Laurence, C.O., Melaku, Y.A. Matern Child Health J. CDC’s global health security efforts in Ethiopia help the country improve its ability to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease outbreaks before they become epidemics that could affect global populations. Based on provisional data, Covid was the leading cause of death for 2020. Unlike these studies, the GBD study provides a unique opportunity for its use of standardised methodology using several sources of data. Accessed 11 June 2016. The high number of maternal deaths in some areas of the world reflects inequities in access to health services, and highlights the gap between rich and poor. Moreover, this survey reported a MMR of 412 per 100,000 LB in 2016 [10]. While it remains the fourth leading cause of death in Africa, the number of deaths has dropped by more than half, falling from over 1 million in 2000 to 435 000 in 2019 in Africa. PubMed  The authors of the report noted that "half of the world's diarrheal deaths among children and adolescents occurred in just five countries: India, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan, Nigeria and Ethiopia." Nigatu T, Woldegebriel Y. The higher rate of young adolescents of 10–14 years are dying over the study period could be associated with high prevalence of early marriage and unmet need for family planning services. The present study also showed that although the decline in MMR varied across age groups, with a higher number of maternal deaths among the age groups of 20–24 and 25–29 years old in 2013. The occurrence of a higher number of deaths in this period could be due to two main reasons. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease claimed 3.0 million lives in 2016, while lung cancer (along with trachea and bronchus cancers) caused 1.7 million deaths. Background: Worldwide diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in under-five year's children. CDC provides technical expertise to meet national immunization goals and international resolutions to eradicate polio, eliminate measles, and strengthen the national immunization program in Ethiopia. The causes of death by maternal age were measured using the Cause of Death Ensemble model (CODEm) model. Trends of the causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia, 1990–2013. NCDs are estimated to account for 39% of all deaths in Ethiopia, while 71% in the world. BMC Public Health This study used GBD study 2013 to investigate the trends and causes of maternal mortality between the years 1990 and 2013 in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa; 2015. Lower respiratory infections remained … Death due to tuberculosis still remains high among people living with HIV, however the number of deaths is decreasing. Deaths due to dementias more than doubled between 2000 and 2016, making it the 5th leading cause of global deaths in 2016 compared to 14th in 2000. As a result, this may have led to an overestimation in some of the causes of deaths, with obstructed deaths and complications of abortions were more likely to be reported for health facilities. Participants focus on “learning by doing” to develop the skills for gathering critical data and turning it into evidence-based action. statement and Article  Lancet (London, England). Mahler H. The safe motherhood initiative: a call to action. It was the principal cause of death for males in Malaysia with 12,510 deaths (17.8%) while for females, the principal cause of death was pneumonia with 6,033 deaths (12.8%), it said. Vaccines prevent an estimated 2.5 million deaths among children under five every year. Diabetes killed 1.6 million people in 2016, up from less than 1 million in 2000. Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. 1). However, there are gender differences: 33% of all deaths among men were related to cancer, while this proportion was lower among women (24%). In 2016, the WHO recorded 56.7 million deaths with the leading cause of death as cardiovascular disease causing more than 17 million deaths (about 31% of the total) as shown in the chart to the side. The leading risk factor in Ethiopia is childhood underweight. Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. CDC also supports the Ethiopia Public Health Institute to strengthen disease detection and response functions and to implement an integrated strategic plan for the nation’s laboratories. Jackson R, Tesfay FH, Godefay H, Gebrehiwot TG. Principal Causes of Death Ischaemic heart diseases remains as the principal causes of death In 2017, the per cent of deaths caused by €Ischaemic heart diseases was 13.9 per cent, followed by Pneumonia (12.7%), Cerebrovascular diseases (7.1%), Transport accidents (4.6%) and Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus and lung (2.3%). Poor linkages in maternal health care services-evidence on antenatal care and institutional delivery from a community-based longitudinal study in Tigray region, Ethiopia. Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, The World Bank and the United Nations Population Division. 2015;15:74. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E. AD assisted the analysis. Continuous nationwide systematic evaluation and assessment of the problem helps to design appropriate policy and strategy in Ethiopia. CDC supports Ethiopia’s efforts to reach HIV epidemic control by improving active case-finding, linkage to treatment, viral load testing, and adherence and retention of existing clients on antiretroviral therapy. Between October 2017 and October 2018, 13,707 HIV-positive pregnant women were identified, and 100% were receiving lifelong ART in CDC-supported sites to improve their survival and to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Berhan Y, Berhan A. Health Extension Workers' and Mothers' Attitudes to Maternal Health Service Utilization and Acceptance in Adwa Woreda, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. CAS  The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. The majority of specific causes of death identified be- tween 2007 and 2013 were tuberculosis (155 [20.8%]), HIV/AIDS (55 [7.4%]), and meningitis (51[6.9%]). Cherinet Y, Berihu A, Bekele A, Biadgilign S, Taye B, Tsegaye A. PubMed  Diarrhoea is a leading killer of children, accounting for approximately 8 per cent of all deaths among children under age 5 worldwide in 2017. Melaku YA, Weldearegawi B, Tesfay FH, Abera SF, Abraham L, Aregay A, Ashebir Y, Eshetu F, Haile A, Lakew Y, et al. Ischemic Heart Disease Known as the most common cause of death in the Western … This study aimed to investigate the trends and causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2013. 2014;385(9963):117–71. Background . 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