To examine the current status of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake at INDU, both active searching and passive collection were used. Metro Toronto Zoo, Ontario, Canada. However, Michigan's massasauga population also has declined. 205 pp. Roy Horn died in May of 2020 due to complications from Covid-19. TOLEDO BLADE (Michigan) 07 April 03 Michigan seeks reports of rattlesnake sightings Lansing: The Michigan Department of Natural Re|sources asks residents to report all eastern massasauga rattlesnake observations in Michigan as part of a multi-state effort in cooperation with the U.S. Snakes emerge from their hibernacula in early spring when air temperatures exceed soil temperatures. 1991. The massasauga also appears to have strong site fidelity, often returning to the same hibernation site or area each year. 1972. Hallock, L. A. It is Michigan's only venomous snake, and one of only two rattlesnake species that occur in the Great Lakes region. Since 2016, the massasauga has been considered federally-threatened, meaning it is likely or expected to become endangered, DNR officials have said. If you are reading this in your Facebook app, use this link to view the entire gallery of photos. Massasaugas feed primarily on small mammals such as voles, moles, jumping mice, and shrews. Other studies have reported mean home ranges of 0.65 acres to 95 acres (Reinert and Kodrich 1982, Johnson 1995, Moore and Gillingham 2006, Durbian et al. 2008). 1966, confirmed massasauga sightings within the park’s vicinity have been rare and no confirmed sightings were made within the official boundary of the park. In southeast Michigan, the eastern massasauga rattlesnake depends on open-herbaceous wetland habitat for surviving cold Midwest winters. Studies to date also have found that massasaugas were not be able to survive the winter when moved to a new area outside their home range presumably because they were not able to find suitable hibernation sites. J. of Wildl. 155-164 in Fifteenth North American Prairie Conference Proceedings, edited by C. Warwick. He didn’t try to come toward me, didn’t try to get off of the paddle, he was just totally chill.”. Like all rattlesnakes, it is a pit viper, and like all pit vipers, it is venomous "'You should have killed it,' or ‘I would have killed it.’ It’s really unfortunate.”, Two Michigan residents bitten by rare rattlesnake in one month. King, R. S. 1997. 1986. All rights reserved (About Us). Young massasaugas are more dependent on cold-blooded prey, particularly frogs (Vogt 1981). Also, massasaugas are highly cryptic and difficult to observe in its natural habitat. Michigan's lone venomous snake, the eastern massasauga rattlesnake, has received federal protection as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act, the U.S. After … Eastern massasaugas have been found in a variety of wetland habitats, including bogs, fens, shrub swamps, wet meadows, marshes, moist grasslands, wet prairies, and floodplain forests (Hallock 1990, Harding 1997). The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI. Note to readers: if you purchase something through one of our affiliate links we may earn a commission. Three subspecies are currently recognized including the nominate subspecies described here. 36 pp. Historically, they could be found in a variety of wetlands and nearby upland woods throughout the lower peninsula. He also recorded mean range lengths of 0.03 mile for neonates, 0.2 mile for non-gravid females, 0.4 mile for gravid females, and 0.8 mile for males. Rattlesnake bites, while extremely rare in Michigan, can and do occur. These small rattlesnakes are shy and reclusive, and are seldom seen . 222pp. “She was a bit concerned,” Jonathan said. Anyone who is bitten should seek professional medical attention. These sightings appear to cluster in several regions across the Lower Peninsula, indicating areas where massasaugas may be concentrated. In fact, Michigan is a stronghold for the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. 16: 162-171. This timid species is extremely reclusive and avoids humans as best it can, preferring to remain camouflaged or leave the area … The primary reasons for the massasauga's decline in Michigan and rangewide are habitat loss and fragmentation, human persecution or indiscriminant killing, and illegal collection. The dog was given a $900 … Michigan is one of a few states that has a significant wolf population, but all of the roughly 630 animals in the state were believed to be residing in the Upper Peninsula. © 2021 Advance Local Media LLC. Conserv. The snakes are often found in open wetlands without many trees or shrubs nearby and they primarily exist in Ontario, Canada and Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. Reinert, H. K. and W. R. Kodrich. These snakes are most commonly found in rocky areas in the arid Nevada climate, however the Great Basin Rattlesnake is a habitat generalist and can be found … Legge, J. T. and M. R. Rabe. Stick: Tom Goniea, a fisheries biologist and herptile expert with the Michigan Department … They also have been known to hibernate in tree roots and rock crevices as well as submerged trash, barn floors, and basements (Johnson and Menzies 1993). It is best described as a buzzing sound, similar to one made by a bee stuck in a spider web. Michigan poison control centers report about 16 massasauga bites in a typical year. 35: 333-346. Currently the Massasuaga rattlesnake is listed in Michigan under Special Concern and is a candidate for federal listing. 2006. Prior, K. A. Univ. Rattlesnake bites, while rare in Michigan, can and do occur. Reptiles are found throughout Michigan, although the only venomous species, the eastern massasauga rattlesnake, is seen only in the Lower Peninsula. This timid species is extremely reclusive and avoids humans as best it can, preferring to remain camouflaged or … + appendix. Beltz, E. 1992. Legge, J. T. and M. R. Rabe. About the Natural Community Classification, Gray or grayish brown with dark blotches edged in white and spots down back and sides, 18.5-30 inches long; record 39.5 inches long, Pit on each side of head between eye and nostril, Tail thick, squarish; does not taper to a point like all other snakes in Michigan, Does not always rattle a warning; relies on pattern and remaining motionless to go undetected, Light gray or tan with brown or reddish-brown, black-bordered blotches running down back, Young similar to adults but blotches brighter red, Often Y- or V-shaped light marking on top of neck, Belly white with black checkerboard pattern, Eastern subspecies in Southeast Lower Peninsula only; western subspecies in Upper Peninsula only, Yellowish to light brown with black or dark brown blotches; head reddish or orangish, Belly yellow with black checkboard pattern, Most have dark spots/blotches on yellowish, reddish or brown background, but some solid black, brown or olive, When threatened, spreads neck to display two prominent black eyespots on neck and hisses; may turn over and play dead, Belly yellow-gray with greenish gray pattern, Light brown with dark brown or blackish blotches; older individuals may appear uniformly black, Belly cream with irregular rows of reddish or blackish half moon crescents. Copeia 4:742-751. He decided not to touch it. They’ve gone kayak fishing in the Florida Keys in the past, where Jonathan caught a 7- to 9-foot, 200-pound lemon shark. Anyone who is bitten should seek professional medical attention. Ecology and conservation of an endangered rattlesnake, S. catenatus, in Missouri, U.S.A. Biol. Summary of recent sightings of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake (S. c. catenatus) in Michigan and identification of significant population clusters. Populations in southern Michigan are typically associated with open wetlands, particularly prairie fens, while those in northern Michigan are better known from lowland coniferous forests, such as cedar swamps (Legge and Rabe 1999). “We’ve seen some crazy things. Michigan has the largest population of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes in the country, despite the population declining. Lake Michigan Ecological Research Station 1100 N. Mineral Springs Road Porter, IN 46304 January 10, 2005 Great Lakes Network Report GLKN/2005/02. Proceedings of the International Symposium and Workshop on the Conservation of the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Sistrurus catenatus catenatus, May 8-9, 1992. Massasaugas have not been reported from Branch, Ingham, Shiawassee, Macomb, Huron, Clare, Oscoda, Montmorency and Emmet counties since prior to 1980 (some since the early 1900's). Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Two Michigan residents bitten by rare rattlesnake in one month The Hothams aren’t foreign to nature. 31 pp. It is protected as a federally threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, WI. Pp. They have also been listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. Massasaugas also appear to exhibit seasonal shifts in habitat utilization. Siegfried & Roy brought a glitz and glamour to the … Unpublished discussion paper for Canadian Parks Service. Interestingly, the Southern tip of the state is the only place you will find the other species on this list. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/21). Midl. To report sightings and learn more about the massasauga, please visit the Michigan DNR’s page on the species at Eastern massasauga. 32 pp. In Season of the Massasauga Rattler!, Jonathan Schechter writes that the massasauga likes our sun-soaked trails in the waning days of summer and early autumn, so you may catch a glimpse of one if you’re out and about in Lower Michigan. Manage.72(3):754-759. Please support high-quality journalism. Date Visible Max Height Appears Disappears Share Event; Sun Jan 17, 7:38 PM: 1 min: 21° 10° above SSW: 21° above S : Mon Jan 18, 6:51 PM: 3 min: 21° 10° … Status of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. This species tends to hibernate singly or in small groups of two or three (Johnson and Menzies 1993). The eastern massasauga was once common across its range but has declined dramatically since the mid-1970's, according to a 1998 eastern massasauga status assessment conducted by the U.S. “Maybe 50 percent of the people I’ve talked to – friends, family coworkers – I get the ‘kill it’ comment,” Jonathan said. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. Massasaugas spend most of the time in the spring basking on elevated sites such as sedge and grass hummocks, muskrat and beaver lodges, or dikes and other embankments. Status assessment for the eastern massasauga (Sistrurus c. catenatus). The presence of water that does not freeze is critical to hibernaculum suitability (Johnson 1995). 1533 pp. Dept. Preliminary findings of a habitat use and movement patterns study of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake in Wisconsin. Master's Thesis: Habitat utilization, diet and behavior of the eastern massasauga (S. c. catenatus) in southern Michigan. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Currently the Massasuaga rattlesnake is listed in Michigan under Special Concern and is a candidate for federal listing. During the late spring, these snakes move from their winter hibernation sites, … Unpublished report to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 3 Office, Fort Snelling, MN. “I was excited.”. Nearly one- third of the historical occurrences in the state has not been reconfirmed in the past ten years. A. and J. C. Gillingham. Most people in Michigan may never even see a massasauga in the wild because of its secretive behavior. Harding, J. H. 1997. By rattlesnake standards, massasauga rattlers are small, averaging about 2 feet long as adults, reaching a maximum of about 30 inches. After emergence … “I was like, ‘No way!’” he said. This is about the time of year sightings of Michigan’s only venomous snake start rolling in. 17 pp. He never feared for his safety, he said. These small rattlesnakes are shy and reclusive, and are seldom seen This snake is seen so seldom that there is much that most state residents do not know about these pit vipers. Currently the Massasuaga rattlesnake is listed in Michigan under Special Concern and is a candidate for federal listing. U.S. Geological Survey, Porter, IN, for National Park Service Great Lakes Inventory and Monitoring … Veterinary Dr. Noni Greene said Dexter was bitten by a massasauga rattlesnake, the only rattlesnake native to Michigan. Spring emergence typically starts in late March and early April as groundwater levels rise and ground temperature approaches air temperature (Harding 1997, Szymanski 1998). In the middle of a 14-hour kayak fishing journey, the Hothams, who live in Napoleon, spotted the snake while paddling through Cleveland Lake near Brooklyn. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. 1990. The northern ring neck's signature mark however is a brightly colored yellow or orange … Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) Michigan's only venomous snake is a rare sight for most state residents. In Wisconsin, King (1997) documented only gravid females dispersing to the drier uplands to have their young, while the males and non-gravid females remained in the wetlands. The following ISS sightings are possible from Wednesday Jan 13, 2021 through Friday Jan 29, 2021. Location: Muskegon, Michigan, United States . Nat. When they are threatened, eastern massasaugas will typically remain motionless, relying on their cryptic coloration to blend into their surroundings. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fort Snelling, MN. 378 pp. His goal is to catch a shark longer than his 14-foot kayak. U.S. Unpublished report to the U.S. Sasha Tetzlaff and Mike Ravesi, graduate students at Purdue University, are tracking … Soon after, he determined the snake was an Eastern massasauga rattlesnake – Michigan’s only venomous snake and rattlesnake, according to the state Department of Natural Resources. Michigan's only venomous snake is a rare sight for most state residents. They say that Massasaugas are found throughout the Lower Peninsula, but not in the Upper Peninsula and that they are becoming rare in many parts of their former range, due to wetland habitat loss and persecution by humans. 2005. Glowacki, G. and R. Grundel. 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