This relationship is life long and deep. It is like an ocean and no one individual can master every technique without the able guidance of Guru, which highly makes ‘, This tradition was prevalent in northern as well as southern, . When there was a need to pass on any spiritual, powerful or profound knowledge – it was done in a safe, trusting and intimate manner between the Guru (the master teacher) and shishya (disciple). The parents take the child to Guru and offer him coconut, betel leaves, betel nuts, fruits, sweets and flower garland. Guru-shishya parampara( the tradition of students serving the guru and in return receiving a wealth of knowledge ) used to be one of a kind back in the days where the students or disciples served their gurus in all aspects, from cooking food, getting their daily pooja ( holy ritual ) essentials ready, laying the leaflets of vedas  and upanishads (sacred scripts) before their Guru at the beginning of each class, and even carrying pots of water from the nearby pond for their teacher to use for daily needs. Each parampara belongs to a specific sampradaya, and … Bharatanatyam dancer Rukmini Vijayakumar explains India’s ancient system of passing knowledge from guru to shishya, and shares why this tradition must be maintained even now. Guru-Shishya parampara (the tradition) August 4, 2016 August 4, 2016 sarvamnritham Leave a comment. Kittappa Pillai and Mysore Venkatalakshamma. Guru-Shishya Parampara. I must admit that, as certain as I was about learning new and exciting things at the workshop, I did have concerns about the relevance of this Odissi training to my Bharatanatyam. 7 likes. Gradually the hand gestures, ‘Nritta Hastas’ are introduced to combine with footwork. The guru-shishya parampara is often spoken about in various contexts of learning in India. Exploring the Changing Guru-Shishya Parampara in Bharatanatyam. The aims of music education are – entertainment of the society, intellectual feeling, education of our culture through music, tranquility, purification of the mind and soul, development of personality and emphasis on inter-disciplinary studies. Guru-shishya (teacher-disciple) relationship has also been believed as one of the most sacred relationships of our lives. The guru–shishya tradition, or parampara ("lineage"), denotes a succession of teachers and disciples in traditional Vedic culture and religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism (Tibetan and Zen tradition). Guru Purnima honours Ved Vyasa, known as … After proper training and practice of basics, the disciple’s body and mind becomes mature enough to learn the regular repertoire of Bharatanatyam. Each of these things were of no significance back then and it was simply a daily ritual that we enjoyed doing. The Guru-Shishya parampara has been an inevitable part of education in ancient Indian culture. This tradition was prevalent in northern as well as southern India also. So back in the olden days, to learn things ranging from math and science, to dance and singing, little children would be sent to the house of their guru, and they would actually live with them for many years, growing up and being schooled by their Guru. Pt. V.N. Guru-Shishya parampara was not so much of what it used to be with our ancestors but it has certainly taken various forms now in the changing world. Now the formal training of the first lesson by the Guru starts with teaching of basic stance of Bharatanatyam – ‘Araimandi’, the feet are placed on paddy, the body is straight, legs are bent at the knees and stretched towards sides, heels are joined together with toes facing sides and hands are placed on the waist. ‘Silappadikkaram’ has an elaborate chapter ‘Arangetru Kattai’ on Bharatanatyam dance training, its essential elements, its various aspects, qualities of a Guru and Shishya, qualities of a dancer, auditorium, stage setting etc., where dancers are referred as ‘Koothiars’, dance Gurus as ‘Koothiliyars’, ‘Nattuvanars’ and ‘Melakkars’, Musicians as ‘Panars’ and music composers as ‘Orunars’. Institutional System. But in the guru-shishya parampara of Indian “classical” music and dance, rarely can a shishya stand up against her or his guru and hope to survive another day. Training of Adavus combines with the training in movements of feet, head, neck, eyes and hand gestures along with other major and minor parts of the body also, to display various emotions, feelings and specific effects. In the various fields of fine arts, many ‘Sampradayas’ exist. It is known as ‘Banis’ or ‘Mats’ also. It is a respect to the Guru for accepting him or her as a disciple. It is known as ‘. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In western countries, these terms are prevalent as ‘Schools’. Guru-shishya tradition incarnates in a new form in every age. She takes the lead as she performs with her disciples. To do so violates the Guru’s implied wishes in this regard. The writer is a musician. Normally, it takes five to six years to complete and get perfect in the syllabus of Bharatanatyam. V.D. Aatmalaya academy believes that teaching is the art of self-discovery. And then Guru Dakshina (payment in different forms) given were the Guru earned what was rightfully theirs for all their hard work. Artist : Ms. Yamini Krishnamurthy and disciples: Type: Video Home System ( … Watch Queue Queue. My relationship with my gurus (teachers) as both an academic and dance student is worth remembering when I look for loopholes to deal with queries of the little minds that come to me to learn. A dancer should have good health and personality and if the training is started too early, her or his growth may be inhibited that would effect his or her physical appearance. In the process, a unique relationship, attachment and understanding develops between the Guru and Shishya that lasts for many more years in future, sometimes until the end of life. Shishya — Student of a guru. Guru-Shishya Parampara Guru Shishya parampara is the ancient Indian system of mentor/teacher and disciple/student lineage in India. See more of Guru-Shishya Parampara on Facebook Therefore, a disciple remains attached and associated with the Guru for further training and help. Guru Shishya Parampara is a very rich tradition of training of Bharatanatyam, still prevalent in practice. The Indian Express is now on Telegram. After a certain age they'd be brought back to their parents' home. Guru-shishya parampara (tradition) has been the strong backbone of all our Indian education disciplines; especially in Indian classical art forms- music, dance, fine art, etc. “The way the guru-shishya system is designed, it has an unequal power structure. According to Carnatic classical vocalist TM Krishna, there are some beautiful aspects of the guru-shishya parampara, although he cautions against “eulogising” it. We had the liberty to choose our costumes.Before and after each lesson the jamakaalam ( carpet on which the guru would sit to teach) had to be laid and the thattu kazhi( the wooden plank and stick used to aid in keeping the steps in tempo ) and attendance register should be kept on it. To conduct the classes, Guru uses ‘Tattakazhi’ consists of – Talakkol, a wooden stick and Tattamain, a rectangular wooden piece. V.N. Placing the guru on a pedestal culturally, I … Training in such art forms never ends; it is like churning the ocean. The guru-shishya relationship has been the sacred cornerstone of our religious and educational traditions in general and music as well as dance education in particular. After demolition of the ancient institutions like Nalanda and Takshashila, in India, Gharanas were the only source of training in music and dance. The formal training commences with the teaching of ‘, Once the disciple’s body is prepared for further lessons, the proper training of Bharatanatyam begins. Parampara — An uninterrupted succession. Guru Shishya Parampara in Bharatanatyam Music and dance were something divine and therefore highly individualistic while it had to be taught in a rigorous manner to an enlightened disciple, the style of a Guru in many cases, did work as an inhibiting factor in … During this period, he or she not only learns the grammar of dance from the Guru, also inherits his qualities, habits and character; and becomes emotionally closed to each other. Guru becomes his or her ideal. Watch Queue Queue She had her training under illustrious Gurus, U.S. Krishna Rao and Chandrabhaga Devi, Pandanallur Muthiah Pillai, Tanjore K.P. ( Log Out /  Creativity and innovation are the soul of any art including BN dance. When these gestures are used in such a manner, they are called Nritta Hastas. , Gharanas were the only source of training in music and dance. Bhatkhande and Pt. I would drop my teacher off at her home on my scooty after class. But those who want to really excel in our stream of music would never get the amount of guidance and training from the virtual sources as they can receive in the guru-shisya parampara. A big thanks to the little minds that put so many memories to light. The training of regular syllabus of Bharatanatyam starts with Alarippu, moves to Jathiswaram, Shabdam, Varnam, Keertanam, Padam, Javali and concludes with Tillana. Tag: Bharatanatyam. The great musician, scholar, music educationist, writer and revivalist of Indian music, Music and dance were something divine and therefore highly individualistic while it had to be taught in a rigorous manner to an enlightened disciple, the style of a Guru in many cases, did work as an inhibiting factor in ultimately developing the disciple’s own genius. Simultaneously, the disciple is trained in basic dance exercises also to prepare his or her body appropriate for the rigorous movement and foot works to be taught afterwards. Guru-Shishya PARAMPARA Arathi School of Dance's form of Bharatanatyam is strongly rooted. This article first appeared in the print edition on September 19, 2020 under the title ‘Lift the veil on the parampara’. Guru-Shishya Parampara. The repertoire of Bharatanatyam is designed in such a manner that it gradually enables a disciple to adapt the intricacies of the dance. Guru means teacher, shishya means student and parampara means tradition. The relationship between Krishna and Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita portion of the Mahabharata, and between Rama and Hanuman in the Ramayana are examples. It can be an enriching life experience. The Guru starts the first footwork – ‘Tatta Adavu’, in which the body assumes Araimandi posture and sole of the two feet struck the paddy alternately. Naming and shaming your Guru who has made advances at you would lead to your own people shaming you back, let alone not believing a word of what you are saying. A Bharatanatyam hosszú kitartó és intenzív tanulást kíván, míg a táncos eljut az alapoktól a kifinomult mozdulatokig és elsajátítja az első teljes repertoárt. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Guru Shishya Parampara, Teaching System in Music & Dance – 3. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The initiation is a proper ceremony. Our religious and historical tomes abound with stories and themes of guru bhakti. Every year there would be programmes for Vijayadasmi, Janmashtami, Deepavali, Vinayaga Chaturthi and Ayyappan Mandala Pooja. My relationship with my gurus (teachers) as both an academic and dance student is worth remembering when I look for loopholes to deal with queries of the little minds that come to me to learn. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The guru beats with Talakkol on Tattamain and recites the respective syllable of the ‘Adavu’ ‘Taiya Tei’. Beginning in the early oral traditions of the Upanishads (c. 2000 BC), the guru-shishya relationship has evolved into a fundamental component of Hinduism. Now my children bring their mommy’s home made cup cakes for my 4 year old! Generally, hand gestures convey some meaning, purport or significance; but such gestures are also executed with Adavus only for embellishment, aesthetic beauty and ornamentation. 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